The European Union reaches an agreement to reform the CAP

The institutions of the European Union (Commission, Parliament and Council) reached an agreement this Friday to close the negotiation of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for 2023-2027, as announced by the European Commissioner for Agriculture, Janusz Wojciechowski.

“It fills me with satisfaction to be able to say that we have achieved it. At some points we would have wanted a different result, but in general I think we can be happy with the agreement we have reached,” said Wojciechowski on his Twitter account.

The agreement paves the way for a “simpler, fairer and greener” CAP that will provide a sustainable future for European farmers, the Council said in a statement.

He added that the new CAP strengthens environmental measures and also includes provisions to ensure greater support for smaller farms and help young farmers enter the profession.

“We are very satisfied with the progress we have made in the last two days, which gives us confidence that we have the conditions to reach an agreement,” said the Portuguese Minister of Agriculture, Maria do Céu Antunes.

However, he clarified that “the proposals must be approved by the member states and only then can we really say whether we have reached an agreement or not.”

The agreement reached this Friday must be ratified by the Agriculture and Fisheries Council, which will meet next Monday and Tuesday in Luxembourg.

“There is an agreement! After lengthy negotiations we have a three-way agreement on the three CAP files. European agriculture is ready for a new era,” tweeted the liberal German MEP Ulrike Müller, a member of the team of four negotiators for part of the Eurocamara.

One of the sensitive issues was the financing of the so-called “eco-schemes”, the instrument that will serve to encourage agricultural and livestock practices that have a more beneficial impact on the climate and the environment, for which Parliament wanted a higher percentage of financing that countries.

The date from which the principle that only farms that respect labor rights receive aid from the CAP or the percentage of the average basic payment of their productive region that each farmer must receive was also up in the air.

Negotiators also have to try to reach an agreement on rural development aid for environmental issues and the fairer redistribution of agricultural aid, so that a percentage of that which corresponds to each country would be reserved for small farmers.

This morning, dozens of members of agricultural associations from all over Europe, gathered under the umbrella of the two great European organizations COPA-COGECA, gathered in the Luxembourg Square in Brussels, in front of the European Parliament, to call for a lasting agreement on the CAP .