Move in a world designed for men

Transport is the cause of a quarter of CO2 emissions in the European Union. But it is also the source of many inequalities. For example, gender determines how people travel. Women walk more and use public transport more frequently. In contrast, men are more likely to travel by private vehicle. In addition, the role of travel also varies by gender.

“Transportation is organized almost entirely around people coming and going to work and this is basically quite a masculine pattern, whereas in general women tend to have a more complicated travel pattern as they may have to picking up something for the family, taking the kids, taking care of the parents … these kinds of things. They would potentially benefit, for example, from a more flexible system that is more scalable and also perhaps a different ticketing system that allows you to travel more flexibly., explica Thorfinn Stainforth del Institute for European Environmental Policy.

According to several studies, around 80% of the employees of transport companies are men. This very high representation shapes travel policies, but also vehicles and stations that are not always adapted for people with children or with the purchase. Discrimination also has an economic facet as cleaner transportation is only accessible to those with more money.

“If we focus our sustainable mobility policy only on electric cars and subsidize people to buy hybrid or electric vehicles, it is not uncommon for this to benefit mainly men and people with high incomes. An integration of equality and sustainability policy would mean that we put investment where it benefits the most people and where we ensure that our mobility concepts take into account how men and women move differently., how can we benefit people living in the less prosperous areas of the city, how can we ensure that people with disabilities benefit equally “, details Patrizia Heidegger of the European Environmental Bureau.

But these inequalities go beyond the transport sector. The European Environment Office speaks of environmental discrimination. “Many Roma communities are forced to live in segregated neighborhoods, segregated settlements where they are also exposed to higher levels of environmental degradation, chemical pollution, air pollution and lack of environmental services. For example, clean water or waste collection services are not provided “Heidegger insists.

The European Green Deal is an opportunity to eliminate this discrimination. But civil society regrets that the project does not sufficiently integrate equality in the implementation of a more sustainable society.