Afghanistan after the march of NATO troops

A leap into the void. NATO will begin to withdraw its military force from Afghanistan on May 1 and end on September 11, 2021, and the country’s government fears the worst.

The goal of the United States, the European Union, and the international community was to fight global terrorism by implementing democracy and confidence-building measures to crush Al Qaeda and the Taliban. Now the Afghan army will have to face chaos alone. Democratic measures are few and far between, while the Taliban are stronger than ever.

“‘Without flexibility it will be impossible to reach a peace agreement with the Taliban, but there is some point and some red lines that the people of Afghanistan are not ready to negotiate or agree on those red lines. Those red lines can be: the defense of Afghanistan and security forces, human rights, women’s rights, freedom of expression and the media ”, said Mir Haider Afzaly, president of the Defense Committee of the Parliament of Afghanistan.

The EU has provided Kabul with crucial infrastructure support for rebuilding Afghan society and its law enforcement and security agencies. Afghanistan’s stability remains important to European security. And Brussels wants to set its own conditions. “It is a substitution of military force for political support and that is why it is necessary for the Europeans with the allies to set the same conditions. SIf there is financial support for Afghanistan, it must be conditioned on this issue, which is the democratic issue, says S&D MEP, Maria Arenas.

It would be an impossible task to stabilize Afghanistan without the consensus and cooperation of external powers. The EU is going to make enormous diplomatic efforts to cooperate with Afghanistan’s neighbors, such as Pakistan and Iran, who have been supporting the more aggressive factions.

The ethnic, religious and tribal components of the country could begin to clash again and cause the Taliban to take Kabul as in 1996. NATO intervention has caused heavy casualties among its troops. And civilians have often paid the price for a dirty war. Many of them fled.

Brussels should prepare for the worst. “Unfortunately, I foresee that the Afghan refugees who will have to leave their homes there will be another influx of refugees to Iran, from there to Turkey and from Turkey to the EU. Therefore, I think the EU should now start preparing settlement camps, preparing humanitarian aid, has pointed out the analyst of the College of Europe, Shada Islam.

Up to now, at least 2.7 million Afghans have fled the country. They top the list among asylum seekers in many EU countries. They represent the majority of migrants who run the Balkan route and fill refugee camps in the Aegean Sea.