The former president of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi, accepted on Friday the proposal to form a government in Italy entrusted to him by the head of state, Sergio Mattarella, to whom he immediately presented his list of ministers.
His will be a hybrid Executive made up of members of the political parties but also of technocrats in key positions, with 15 portfolios awarded to the parties and 8 to technicians and economists.
The new prime minister has had to distribute ministries among the parties that have decided to support him, practically all with the exception of the ultra-right brothers of Italy.
Its Executive will be underpinned by the first force, the Five Star Movement (M5S), from the left of the Democratic Party (PD) and Free and Equal (LeU), Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia (FI), Renzi’s Italia Viva (IV) and by the far-right Liga de Salvini.
Luigi Di Maio, leader of the populist formation Movement 5 Estrellas, maintains the portfolio of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and Luciana Lamorgese will take the reins of the Minister of the Interior.
Justice remains in the hands of the former president of the Constitutional Court Marta Cartabia, Defense of Lorenzo Guerini, and Daniele Franco’s economy, current number two of the Bank of Italy.
Politicians and technocrats make up a government that ends the political crisis in Italy, but that faces two others: the pandemic and the economic depression.
Draghi will be sworn in at noon on Saturday (11.00 GMT) with his ministers, eight of them women, at the Roman Quirinale Palace.
After the swearing in, between security measures for the coronavirus, Draghi, as tradition dictates, will preside over his first Council of Ministers.
The transfer of powers will be staged with the traditional exchange of the bell with which the Prime Minister marks the start of his meetings in the Chigi Palace.
The final step will be the investiture in the two seats of Parliament, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, which could take place next Tuesday, although it has not yet been made official.
But it will be a simple procedure, since this economist called to be prime minister can count on one of the largest and most heterogeneous majorities in the country’s republican history.
And it will only have as opposition the Brothers of Italy of Giorgia Meloni, 19 of the 315 senators and 33 of the 630 deputies.
Draghi’s great challenge will be to keep in peace the rare majority that supports him, parties in ideological antipodes that have stepped up in these difficult times.
The president of Italy, Sergio Matarella, had summoned Draghi to form a government after the failure of the negotiations to reissue the government majority, which caused the resignation of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte last January 26.