The second impeachment trial of Trump begins for the assault on the Capitol

The United States Senate becomes a court and the defendant is Donald Trump.

This Tuesday the second political trial of the former president finally started, this time on the charge of “incitement to insurrection.”

The session began with a vote on the rules that will govern the impeachment, which were approved by 89 votes in favor and 11 against.

“It is our constitutional duty to carry out a fair and honest political trial of the charges against former President Trump, the largest charges ever brought against a president in US history. This resolution provides for a fair trial,” said the leader of the Democratic majority in the Senate, Chuck Schumer, before that first vote.

The impeachment trial is expected to proceed quickly, with a possible end next week, and is unlikely to end in a conviction for Trump, since this would require a minimum of 67 votes (two-thirds of the Senate) and the Democrats alone. they control 50 chamber seats. So this unusual procedure will be a thorny path for Democrats and Republicans.

The charge against Trump is derived from his actions on January 6, when he urged his followers to march towards the headquarters of Congress, where the two chambers were meeting that day to endorse the electoral triumph of now president Joe Biden, which the At the time, the president had not recognized, by alleging without evidence that there was fraud in the elections.

This process will go down in history in two ways: because it made the Republican leader the first US president to face two political trials – after the one held a year ago for his pressure on Ukraine – and because he had never before been subjected to an “impeachment” to an agent when he is no longer in power.

A political trial that tests legal interpretation

The senators began a four-hour debate on the constitutionality of the impeachment, something that the conservatives question when considering that a president who has already left the White House cannot be prosecuted politically.

Numerous experts on the Constitution have opined that the process is legitimate even if it can no longer result in Trump’s removal from office, because it evaluates events that occurred while he was still president.

The debate on constitutionality is a lifeline for those Republicans who are most uncomfortable with Trump but who do not dare to completely turn their back on him, since this will give them an excuse to vote against condemning him.