The vaccination campaign in Latin America will be uneven between countries and by phases

Latin America is preparing to start its vaccination campaign against COVID-19, an uncoordinated and uneven operation that is scheduled to last until 2022.

Some countries like Mexico have been at it for days. Healthcare workers and the Army were the first to receive the vaccine from Pfizer-BioNTech. A second shipment of 42,900 doses arrived this Saturday to continue vaccination in the north of the country starting this Monday.

The Mexican government aims to vaccinate all health personnel at the end of January and immunize the rest and immunize the rest between February 2021 and March 2022.

Mexico remains the fourth country in the world with the most deaths from the pandemic, followed by the United States, Brazil and India, according to the Johns Hopkins University count.

Russian vaccine Sputnik V lands in Argentina

In Argentina, after days of controversy, the first doses of the Sputnik V vaccine finally arrived, which will be applied starting this Tuesday. The Russian vaccine had created some controversy by not being able to be used in those over 60 years of age after presenting adverse side effects in the first clinical trials. But Moscow has changed its mind and claims that its vaccine is 91% effective.

President Alberto Fernández asks Argentines for confidence and denounces a monopoly on vaccines by the great powers.

“Some sow many doubts about the Russian scientific quality, but the institute where it was developed has several Nobel prizes. The first one that is going to give the vaccine is me, because I have no doubt about the quality of the vaccine. I will be vaccinated first. let no one be so that no one is afraid, “said Fernández in a press appearance with the Minister of Health, Ginés González García.

According to the Argentine head of state, the contract contemplates the acquisition of enough doses to vaccinate a total of 10 million Argentines between January and February, with a first batch of about 600,000 doses that will allow 300,000 people to be immunized before the end of the year .

Uncertain future for Peru without vaccine

The Peruvian government has delivered the bad news to its citizens. The COVID vaccine will not arrive in the country until at least the second half of 2021 and health personnel will be the first to receive it.

Peru has confirmed small batches of doses for after the first half of next year. Experts warn that the second wave of the pandemic is imminent in the Latin American country, one of the hardest hit by the virus.

That first batch will be part of the 13.2 million doses that Peru will receive from Covax over the next year to vaccinate 20% of its population, made up of more than 32 million people, since immunization is required two doses per person.

Covax is an initiative to ensure fair and equitable access to the covid-19 vaccine for developing countries, led by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the Gavi alliance.

The Minister of Health, Pilar Mazzett, recalled that three other vaccines under development by AstraZeneca, Sinopharm and Jhonson & Jhonson are currently conducting clinical trials in Peru, which should facilitate negotiations for an additional agreement to the preliminary one they already have with Pfizer.

Chile does not skimp on resources to emerge from the pandemic

After Mexico, Chile became the second country in the region to start its vaccination campaign, receiving some 10,000 doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. The vaccine will be free and voluntary, with health workers, chronically ill elderly people and members of the Armed Forces – which represent approximately 5 million people – priority. The remains of Chileans may be immunized from the first months of the year.

Chile has not spared resources and has reserved more than 30 million doses with various laboratories. Among them Johnson & Johnson and Astrazeneca.

With 6 million exams since March, Chile is the country that has taken the most tests per million inhabitants in the region and one of the first in the world. Despite this, in the last two weeks it has experienced an increase in cases that returns it to the figures of July, when the country was on the verge of sanitary collapse.