The measures adopted over the last few weeks regarding the arrival of migrants to the Canary Islands highlight the advancement of the Spanish Government in the new approach to future European policy on migration, included in the new European Pact on Migration and Asylum presented by the European Commission on September 23rd. This Pact points to “a new beginning in the matter of migration”, considering it “a constant characteristic of the history of humanity” and, nevertheless, it entails a series of recommendations and legislative proposals that affect a reactive and dehumanized migration management.
Once again, surveillance and border closures are the main measures to combat the irregular entry of people with a Frontex reinforced with permanent reserve and the incessant use of detention in the context of unclear border procedures. In addition, it proposes aid on the ground to third countries, normally countries of origin and transit, again in order to hinder migration, something inappropriate for a set of rule of law such as the EU.
On the other hand, although it mentions the objective of protecting the right to asylum, it does so through a procedure in which people who do not meet the requirements will be sent to a rapid transit process at the borders, without thus preserving their dignity, which for practical purposes means that those seeking protection can be returned immediately, denying them any possibility of accessing secure regularization channels.
Likewise, the new European Pact for migration walks along the line of solidarity between the member countries with a “sponsorship of relocation or return” to avoid that responsibility or pressure falls on border countries such as Greece or Spain, an equitable distribution of the This responsibility, although necessary, does not respond to the kind of solidarity that the EU so badly needs.
With all these measures, this Pact aims to strengthen and externalize borders, set aside the rights of migrants, the opening of safe routes for migration and inclusion, in its different dimensions, and to accentuate the positive contributions of migration. This causes rejection and prevention against migration.
This Pact seeks to fortify and externalize borders and set aside the rights of migrants
Faced with the creation of walls and an alarmist and stigmatized vision, a change of orientation is necessary towards a different European model in migration matters, which puts an end to the loss of human life, which faces the criminalization of solidarity and which bet on ways of cooperation aligned with sustainable development. Solidarity and fair migration policies that value diversity and respect international conventions on human rights, both in the external dimension and in domestic affairs.
One of the first steps should be to adopt concrete measures to facilitate labor mobility, without classifying good or bad migrants, make more flexible and open new avenues for access to residence and work permits, and facilitate humanitarian and resettlement visas that allow protection. , or facilitate authorizations to people who are already in the territory.
In the case of Spain, it is valued that there are more than 500,000 foreigners in Spanish territory who do not have the necessary work and stay authorizations and who do not have their rights recognized. The requirements demanded by the current regulations do not adjust to the current economic and social context, making it impossible for all these people to access said authorizations. This situation has been aggravated by the pandemic that is leaving thousands of people in a situation of exclusion and greater vulnerability to abuse and discrimination.
To advance in the protection of the rights of migrants, and that situations of such gravity do not occur in terms of violation of rights such as the ones we are experiencing, it is essential to adapt the regulations to the current situation so that the requirements for access the necessary authorizations so that these people can contribute to the construction of society.
Lucía Maquieira is director of the Red Acoge Federation. Jose Miguel Morales He is secretary general of the Andalusia Acoge Federation.