Analysis | Peru says ‘enough’ to the political dance of the elites

The political crisis in Peru has aggravated the social, health and economic crisis that was already hitting the one who was just a few years ago one of the outstanding students in South America.

The dismissal of Martín Vizcarra on the part of Congress and the inauguration of Manuel Merino was the last straw that broke the glass of patience for a large part of the citizenry. Many saw it as a constitutional coup from a legislature disconnected from its needs, and took to the streets. We spoke with Jose Carlos Requena, political analyst and columnist for the newspaper El Comercio, what problems the country is facing and what future awaits it.

“In recent times, politicians have made any situation that was not complex more complex. In fact, in the current conjuncture, we were already immersed in an electoral process, for which the majority of the population said ‘well, Vizcarra can have these investigations, but let’s do it. the investigations as soon as I leave power “, Requena describes.

The only way out of the legislative power to avert the protests and restore peace to the streets was elect a new consensus president to oversee the country until the April 2021 elections. A president who is clear about his role as a transitory leader: “Whoever takes power must be aware that he is not there to apply his party’s agenda, but rather the agenda of the emergency that the country is going through,” says Requena.

The election this Monday of Francisco Sagasti will put the political elite back to the test Peruvian.

It is the first time in recent history that protests in Peru have forced the departure of a president. However, beyond the discontent with the current system, It seems still far away that these protests can be articulated in a determining current in the elections from 2021.

“There is not a face in the protest, it has been quite a spontaneous protest“says Requena.” You don’t see the groups that regularly march like unions or community associations, either. they are basically young people irritated by the outcome that has been had. I would think that some of the candidates will be able to benefit from some flow given the consistency with which they have handled the protest, but I don’t see how it can be channeled into a single mechanism. “

Peru calls for a new political agreement to improve the system, since the protests, Requena concludes, is “the closing of a stage”, a stage “that began just 20 years ago with the fall of Alberto Fujimori, which began precisely on 16 November … that stage is almost coming to an end. There is a need to forge a new social agreement, a new political agreement. “

At the moment, the convocation of a constituent body seems complex, since there is not enough social support, but there is enough to reach agreements that reform controversial aspects of the Peruvian political system.